• J. MEHTA & Company
  • J. MEHTA & Company
  • J. MEHTA & Company
  • J. MEHTA & Company
  • J. MEHTA & Company

Child Labour Act, 1986

The Child Labour

Object of the Act

To regulate the conditions of the work of the children in certain employment.

The Important clarifications

  • 'Child' means a person who has not completed his 14 years of age.
  • 'Establishment1 includes a shop, commercial establishment, workshop, farm, residential hotel, restaurant, eating house, theater or other place of public amusement or entertainment.

Sec. 2

Prohibition of employment of children In certain occupations and processes

No child to be employed in occupation set forth In Part A of the Schedule or any workshop wherein any of the processes set-forth in Part B of the Schedule is carried on.

Sec. 3

  • Notice to Inspector

    Furnishing details of

    • Name and situation of establishment.
    • Name of the person in actual management of the establishment.
    • Address for communication.
    • Nature of the occupation.

    Sec. 9

  • Maintenance & production of register by occupier

    • The name and date of birth of every child so 1 employed or permitted to work.
    • Hours and period of work of any such child and the intervals of rest to which he is entitled.
    • The nature of work of any such child.
    • Such other particulars as may be prescribed.

    Sec. 11

Offence Punishment
For violation of section 3 Imprisonment for not less than 3 months which may extend to one year, or fine not less than 10,000/- which may extend to Rs. 20,000/- or both.
Repetition of violation For violation of the provisions of Act or the Rules, imprisonment of 3 months or fine upto Rs. 1000. On continuing contravention, additional line upto Rs. 100 per day
For failure to :
  • Give notice as required by section 9
  • Maintain a register as required by section 11 or make any false entry in any such registers
  • Display a notice containing an abstract of section 3 and this section as required by section 12
  • Comply with or contravene any other provisions of this Act or the Rules made thereunder
Shall be punishable with simple imprisonment which may extend to one month or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both.

Sec. 14

The Supreme Court in M.C. Mehta v. State of Tamil Nadu. 1996 SCC 756 has directed the discontinuance of the employment of child labour and ordered payment o compensation of Rs. 20,000 per child. The court has also laid down certain directions in relation to working hours in non-hazardous jobs and providing for education by the employer and the State.