• J. MEHTA & Company
  • J. MEHTA & Company
  • J. MEHTA & Company
  • J. MEHTA & Company
  • J. MEHTA & Company

The Factories Act, 1948

Factories Act

Applicability of the Act

Any premises whare on 10 or more persons with the aid of power or 20 or more workers are/were without aid of power working on any day preceding 12 rnonths, wherein Manufacturing process is being carried on.

Sec. 2(II)

Employer to ensure health of workers pertaining to

  • Cleanliness
  • Disposal of wastes and effluents
  • Overcrowding
  • Artificial humidification
  • Lighting
  • Drinking water
  • Spittoons

Secs. 11 to 20

Registration & Renewal of Factories

To be granted by Chief Inspector of Factories on submission of prescribed form, fee and plan.

Sec. 6

  • Employment of Young Persons

    • Prohibition of employment of young children e.g. 14 years.
    • Non-adult workers to Carry tokens e.g. certificate of fitness.
    • First-aid appliances-one first aid box (not less than one) for every 150 workers

    Sec. 67, 68, & 71

  • Annual Leave with Wages

    • A worker having worked for 240 days @ one day for every 20 days and for a child one day for working of 15 days
    • Accumulation of leave for 30 days

    Sec. 67, 68, & 71


PENALTIES (Sec. 92 to 106A)

Offence Penalties
For contravention of the provisions of the Act or Rules. Imprisonment upto 2 year or fine upto Rs. 1,00,000 or both.
On continuation of contravention Rs. 1000 per day.
On contravention of Chapter IV pertaining to safety or dangerous operations. Not less than Rs. 25,000 in case of death.
Not less than Rs. 5,000 in case of serious injuries.
Subsequent contravention of some provisions Imprisonment upto 3 years or fine not less than Rs. 10,000 which may extend to Rs. 2,00,000.
Obstructing Inspectors Imprisonment upto 6 months or fine upto Rs. 10,000 or both.
Wrongful disclosing result pertaining to results of analysis Imprisonment upto 6 months or fine upto Rs. 10,000 or both.
For contravention of the provisions of Secs. 41B, 41C and 41H pertaining to compulsory disclosure of information by occupier, specific responsibility of occupier or right of workers to work imminent danger. Imprisonment upto 7 years with fine upto Rs. 2,00,000 and on continuation fine @ Rs. 5,000 per day.
Imprisonment upto 10 years when contravention continues for one year.